MEE: We will actively address climate change and firmly pursue green and low-carbon development
2020年09月29日 文章来源:本站  阅读  

We will actively address climate change and firmly pursue green and low-carbon development

-MEE, Regular Press Conference on September 25th 

On September 22, President Xi Jinping announced at the general debate of the 75th SESSION of the UN General Assembly that China will increase its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) with much more forceful policies and measures and strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 while aim to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.
This declaration demonstrates China's firm determination to actively address climate change and pursue green and low-carbon development. It also reflects China's responsibility to build a community with a Shared future for mankind. It is China's new effort and contribution to address global climate change. The international community spoke highly of the move, saying that it reflects China's vision of working with other countries to build a vibrant, clean and beautiful world and its responsibility to build a community with a Shared future for mankind. It also conveys confidence and hope to the world.
China has always attached great importance to addressing climate change. President Xi Jinping has stressed many times that addressing climate change is not something we are asked to do, but something we need to do ourselves. China has formulated a series of national strategies to actively address climate change, including adjusting industrial structure, optimizing energy mixes, conserving energy and improving energy efficiency, promoting the construction of carbon markets and increasing forest carbon sinks, and have achieved remarkable achievements. By the end of 2019, the country's carbon emission intensity had decreased by 48.1 percent compared with the level in 2005, with its non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption reaching 15.3 percent, fulfilling the targets China had committed to the world by 2020 ahead of schedule.
For many years in a row, China has ranked first in the world in terms of patents, investment, installed capacity and power generation in the field of renewable energy. Investment in renewable energy has exceeded $100 billion for five consecutive years. Energy consumption per unit of industrial added value of enterprises above designated size in China has dropped by more than 15% in 2019 compared with 2015, equivalent to saving 480 million tons of standard coal, and saving about 400 billion yuan in energy costs. China's green buildings occupy about 60% of all new civil buildings in cities and towns. Through energy-saving renovation of existing residential buildings in cities and towns, the living environment has been effectively improved while building operational efficiency has been increased, benefiting 21 million households. Since 2010, China's new energy vehicles have been growing at an average annual rate of double, accounting for 55% of the global sales of new energy vehicles.
Through the adoption of a series of measures to address climate change, sulfur dioxide emissions have been reduced by 11.92 million tonnes and nitrogen oxide by 11.3 million tonnes since 2005. At present, China pilot carbon market trading quota volume size has grown into the world's second largest. The seven pilot carbon markets have developed and grown since they were launched in 2013. According to preliminary statistics, at present, there are 2,837 key emitters, 1,082 non-compliance organizations and 11,169 natural person have participated in the pilot carbon market. By the end of August 2020, the cumulative allowance trading volume of the seven pilot carbon markets has reached 406 million tonnes, with a cumulative turnover of about RMB9.28 billion yuan.
Climate change is a common challenge facing all mankind and requires the international community to uphold multilateralism and respond cooperatively to the best of its ability. Developed countries should earnestly fulfill their commitments, further intensify emission reduction efforts, and provide adequate financial, technological and capacity building support to developing countries. As the largest developing country, China is faced with a series of arduous tasks such as developing the economy, improving people's livelihood, eradicating poverty and tackling pollution. The new targets set this time will not be easy to achieve which require arduous efforts.
China will continue to keep strategic concentration on pushing the construction of ecological civilization, with greater determination and strength, firmly implement the strategy of actively addressing climate change, comprehensively strengthen efforts on addressing climate change, vigorously promote the transformation and upgrading of economic structure, energy structure and industrial structure, establish an economic system for green, low-carbon and cycling development, carry out carbon dioxide emissions peaking actions, speed up the construction of the national carbon emissions trading system, promote the green low-carbon technology innovation, promote the reform of the system and policy innovation, improve climate governance capabilities, resolutely implement the declared goal that President Xi Jinping announced, to make greater contribution to addressing global climate change.
Over the years, China has actively and constructively participated in global climate governance and made historic contributions to the conclusion and rapid entry into force of the Paris Agreement. China will continue to adhere to multilateralism and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. We will work with other countries to build a global climate governance system that is fair, equitable and win-win through cooperation, and promote the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Paris Agreement.